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Azzurra Cave

The Azzurra Cave of Samatorza is one of the best known in the Triestine Karst, for its ease of access, its considerable extension, and for its historical importance. The name was attributed to it by Carlo Marchesetti, an Italian archaeologist, paleontologist and botanist, due to the fact that, once at the bottom, it is still possible to see the color of the sky.

During the First World War, The cave was used by the Austrians as a shelter for 500 men who carried out considerable adaptation works in the cavity, of which evident traces still remain today.
At the entrance, barracks were built for the shelter of the troops, along the route a comfortable path with hairpin turns was traced, which reached the flat part on the bottom, while with specially built slides the dripping water was conveyed into large concrete tanks, transforming them in drinking water reserve.
The Austro-Hungarian army had set up a department dedicated to the research, modification and exploitation of the caves, and created a manual of these practices called DER KAVERNBAU. At the head of the cave department, there was usually an engineer officer, who directed miners, stonecutters, quarry workers, recruited from the ranks of the regular Austro-Hungarian army. On the edge of one of the pools, is still clearly visible T the inscription «Erbaut 10/7 1917 von Herrn Oblt. H. Bock» (built July 10, 1917 by Lieutenant H. Bock).

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